Divine Revelation Old Testament

By Nick Bibile




Divine Revelation Old Testament


God reveals himself only in Christ (Matt, 11: 27). The theophany is therefore more accurately defined as a Christophany, or an epiphany of God in Christ.

Epiphany, Greek epiphaneia, remember the word phaneroo – manifest. Epiphaneia means appearance, closely linked to phaneroo, manifest. Same meaning.

No one has seen God. John 1:18 Jesus is the only mediator between God and man. 1 Tim 2:5


 Pre-patriarchal age.


Patriarch -  The father and ruler of a family or tribe, as one of the founders of the ancient Hebrew families: in the Bible, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Jacob’s twelve sons were patriarchs.

Latin word pater means father.


Pre-patriarchal age – Pre means before, before Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

God spoke directly to Adam, probably a manlike form, Gen 2:16-17;3:8, God spoke to Cain Gen 4:6-12. God spoke to Noah Gen 6:13-21. God spoke to Noah’s sons Gen 9:1,8)


Patriarchal times.

God revealed himself to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob in his covenant promises. Revealed through theophanies. Manifestation of God to man. Theo – God. Phainomai – to appear.

Angel of the Lord – Gen 16:7-13; 28:13. Spoke through visions (vision comes from the word video where you can see) Gen 12:7;15:1;12: 26:24

Two types of dreams. Direct revelation and symbolic dreams with divine interpretation.  Direct revelations Gen 15:12;20:3-6 :  28:12; 31:10-11; 46:2.  Symbolic dreams Gen 37:5-6,10: 40:5-16: 41:1-5)


Mosaic period (Exodus through Deuteronomy)


Theophanic media. (Media, medium, a way of transmission of communication)  Burning bush (Exod 3:2), a pillar of cloud and fire. (Exod 13:21-22)

Visions. Numbers 22:20.

God speaking to Moses – Numbers 12:6-8; Deut 18:18;

Moses recorded things that God told him.  (Exod 17:14; 24;4-7; 34:27 ; Num 33:2, Deut 31:9,24 see John 5:46-47)

At the mountain Moses received the book of the covenant also the book of the law. Exod 24:7; Deut 31:26

Urim and Thummim also became a medium for discerning the Lord’s will. Urim and Thummim were gemstones that were carried by the High Priest of Israel on the ephod / priestly garments. They were used by the High Priest to determine God's will in some situations. Exod 28:30 Num27:21

Moses was the author of Psalm 90


To be continued……